Blue Corn

Blue Corn (Crucita Gonzales Calabaza, 1921-1999) was introduced to pottery making by her grandmother at the age of three. Shortly after that Maria Martinez' sister gave her the name "Blue Corn" during the annual San Ildefonso Naming Ceremony.

Blue Corn attended pueblo schools for several years, then was transferred to the Santa Fe Indian School. While she was there, her parents died and she was sent to live with relatives in southern California. She returned to San Ildefonso a few years later and at the age of 20, she married Santiago Calabaza, a silversmith from Santo Domingo Pueblo. They settled at San Ildefonso and, over the years, they raised ten children. In the early years Blue Corn worked at various jobs in the area. One of them had her cleaning J. Robert Oppenheimer's home in Los Alamos during World War II. But after her first son, Joseph, was born, she returned to making pots so she had time to take care of him.

During her career she made black on black, redware and polychrome pots. In the late 1950's Santiago quit his day job and began working full time with her, carving, painting and designing. In 1972 Joseph began working with Blue Corn after Santiago passed away. Blue Corn is especially noted for her finely polished slips and her experiments with clays and colors, producing different cream polychromes on plates and jars. She is also well known for her feather and cloud designs.

Geometric designs on a black on black plate
Black on black plate with geometric designs
1/2 in H by 4 3/4 in Dia
Geometric designs on a black on black plate
Black on black plate with geometric designs
3/4 in H by 6 in Dia
Geometric designs on a black on black bowl
Black on black bowl with geometric designs
3 in H by 9 1/4 in Dia
Cloud design carved into a black jar
Black jar carved with cloud design
2 3/4 in H by 5 1/2 in Dia
Rain design carved into a black jar
Black jar carved with rain design
3 in H by 4 3/4 in Dia
Geometric design on a black on black jar
Black on black jar with geometric design
2 1/4 in H by 3 1/4 in Dia
Feather design on a black on black jar
Black on black jar with feather design
2 1/4 in H by 3 3/4 in Dia
Feather design on a black on black jar
Black on black jar with feather design
4 3/4 in H by 3 3/4 in Dia
Feather and geometric design on a black on black jar
Black on black jar decorated with feather and geometric designs
4 1/2 in H by 10 in Dia
Feather design on a polychrome jar
Polychrome jar with feather design
2 3/4 in H by 3 in Dia
Green slip feather design on a red jar
Red jar with green slip feather design
5 in H by 7 in Dia
Feather and geometric design on a polychrome jar
Polychrome jar with feather and geometric design
5 in H by 5 3/4 in Dia
Avanyu, cloud and geometric design on a polychrome jar
Polychrome jar with avanyu, cloud and geometric design
3 1/2 in H by 5 1/4 in Dia
Geometric design on a polychrome jar
Polychrome jar decorated with a geometric design
1 1/2 in H by 2 1/2 in Dia
Feather design on a black on black jar
Black on black jar decorated with a feather design
3 1/2 in H by 5 1/2 in Dia
Feather and geometric design on a polychrome plate
Polychrome plate with feather and geometric design
2 in H by 13 1/2 in Dia
Carved and painted circle design on a shallow buff bowl
Shallow buff bowl with carved and painted circle design
2 1/4 in H by 10 3/4 in Dia
Feather design on a black on black plate
Black on black plate decorated with a feather design
1 1/4 in H by 6 3/4 in Dia
Kiva step and feather design on a black on black jar
Black on black jar decorated with a kiva step and feather design
6 1/4 in H by 5 1/4 in Dia
Kiva step and geometric design on a black on black jar
Black on black jar decorated with a kiva step and geometric design
2 1/2 in H by 4 1/2 in Dia
Black gunmetal bowl
Plain gunmetal black bowl
3 in H by 7 3/4 in Dia
Green feather design on a red jar
Red jar decorated with a green feather design
2 1/2 in H by 2 1/2 in Dia
Feather design on a polychrome jar
Polychrome jar decorated with a feather design
4 3/4 in H by 7 1/2 in Dia
Feather and geometric design on a tall neck polychrome jar
Tall neck polychrome jar decorated with a feather and geometric design
3 1/4 in H by 3 in Dia
Pottery photos courtesy of Andrea Fisher Fine Pottery